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The Difference Between Red Wine And White Wine

Blog 🕔April 28, 2017

Red wines are darker in color, while white wines are lighter. This difference in appearance is what wine connoisseurs use to tell them apart. The reason is because of the way they are made. When making white wine, the grapes are pressed and the skins/seeds discarded. But in red wine, they too are crushed and added to the wine. There is subsequently more tannin in red wine. All red wines, because of their high tannin content, needs to be kept in barrels for months before they are bottled. Chardonnay, for instance, is kept in oak barrels so oak’s texture and notes are soaked up by the wine. But white wine must be bottled immediately, otherwise it loses its freshness.

The difference between red wine and white wine

For white wine, white grapes are used, while dark-coloured grapes are used for making red wine. White wine is good your lung tissues, although it needs to be added here that it is the harsher of the two on your teeth. This health advisory is not meant to put you off from experiencing the freshness and the fruity flavours of white wine, but to motivate you into taking better care of your teeth. This way, you can continue to enjoy white wine for years to come. Red wine has antioxidant properties because of the grape skins that are present in it.

Examples of white wine include Riesling, Viognier, Champagne, Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Grigio. Red wines varieties are Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Zinfandel, Sangiovese, Malbec and Syrah. These are generally produced in Italy and France.

Europe used to be the centre of production for wines. Bordeaux, for instance, is named after the place where it was traditionally grown. Chateau means ‘castle’ in French and the name for the wine came about because the grapes were grown in the vicinity of a castle. Red wines were also matured in the cellars of these castles. So the label on a bottle of Château Margaux indicates where it comes from, namely the southwest of France. This is why the European Union said no the United States’ request to allow wines produced in the latter country with the name Chateau.

Wine growers have experimented in other areas of the world, and found success. New world wine areas include New Zealand, Australia, Chile, Argentina, United States and South Africa. The United States is the largest producer of wine today.

Champagne is a wine that is made from both white and red grapes, so it fits into neither category.

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